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Census Data by Year

1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860
1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940

1790 Census

Not preserved for Virginia. First Census of the United States, 1790. T498. 3 rolls. These are the printed schedules as published by the Bureau of the Census in 1907-8. At the end of roll 3, the 1840 Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services has also been reproduced. 1790 schedules for Virginia that appear on roll 3 were reconstructed from state enumerations.

  1. The name of the head of the family
  2. The number of free white males 16 years and older
  3. The number of free white males under 16 years old
  4. The number of free white females
  5. The number of all other free persons
  6. The number of slaves

1800 Census

Not preserved for Virginia, except for Accomack and Louisa Co.s.

  1. The name of the head of the family
  2. The number for 5 age categories of free white males:
    The number under 10, over 10 to 15, 16 to 25, 26 to 44, and 45 or older
  3. The number for 5 age categories of free white females - same as for males
  4. The number of all other free persons
  5. The number of slaves

1810 Census

  1. The name of the head of the family
  2. The number for 5 age categories of free white males:
    The number under 10, over 10 to 15, 16 to 25, 26 to 44, and 45 or older
  3. The number for 5 age categories for of free white females - same
  4. The number of all other free persons
  5. The number of slaves.

1820 Census

  1. The name of the head of the family
  2. The number for 6 age categories for free white males:
    The number under 10, over 10 and under 16, between 16 and 18, over 16 and under 26, over 26 and under 45, and 45 or older
  3. The number for 5 age categories for of free white females:
    under 10, over 10 and under 16, over 16 and under 26, over 26 and under 45, and over 45
  4. The number of foreigners not naturalized
  5. The number of persons engaged in agriculture, commerce, and manufacture
  6. The number for 4 age categories of male slaves:
    under 14, over 14 and under 26, over 26 and under 45, and over 45
  7. The number for 4 age categories of female slaves - same
  8. The number for 4 age categories of free Black males - same
  9. The number for 4 age categories of free Black females - same
  10. The number of all other individuals except Indians not taxed.

1830 Census

  1. The name of the head of the family
  2. The number for 13 age categories of free white males:
    under 5, over 5 and under 10, over 10 and under 15, over 15 and under 20, over 20 and under 30, over 30 and under 40, over 40 and under 50, over 50 and under 60, over 60 and under 70, over 70 and under 80, over 80 and under 90, over 90 and under 100, over 100
  3. The number for 13 age categories of free white females - same
  4. The number for 6 age categories of male slaves:
    under 10, over 10 and under 24, over 24 and under 36, over 36 and under 55, over 55 and under 100, over 100
  5. The number for 6 age categories of female slaves - same
  6. The number for 6 age categories of free Black males - same
  7. The number for 6 age categories of free Black females - same
  8. The number for 3 age categories of deaf and dumb whites:
    under 14, over 14 and under 25, over 25
  9. The number of blind whites
  10. The number for 3 age categories of deaf and dumb slaves and free Blacks:
    under 14, over 14 and under 25, over 25
  11. The number of blind slaves and free Blacks
  12. The number of white foreigners not naturalized

1840 Census

  1. The name of the head of the family
  2. The number for 13 age categories of free white males:
    under 5, over 5 and under 10, over 10 and under 15, over 15 and under 20, over 20 and under 30, over 30 and under 40, over 40 and under 50, over 50 and under 60, over 60 and under 70, over 70 and under 80, over 80 and under 90, over 90 and under 100, over 100
  3. The number for 13 age categories of free white females - same
  4. The number for 6 age categories of male slaves:
    under 10, over 10 and under 24, over 24 and under 36, over 36 and under 55, over 55 and under 100, over 100
  5. The number for 6 age categories of female slaves - same
  6. The number for 6 age categories of free Black males - same
  7. The number for 6 age categories of free Black females - same
  8. The number of individuals engaged in mining, agriculture, commerce, manufacturing and trades, navigation of the oceans, navigation of the lakes, canals, and rivers, learned professions and engineering
  9. The number for 3 age categories of deaf and dumb whites:
    under 14, over 14 and under 25, over 25
  10. The number of blind whites
  11. The number of idiotic or insane whites
  12. The number of white males over 21 who cannot read and write
  13. The number for 3 age categories of deaf and dumb slaves and free Blacks:
    under 14, over 14 and under 25, over 25
  14. The number of blind slaves and free Blacks
  15. The number of idiotic or insane slaves and free Blacks
  16. The number of white foreigners not naturalized
  17. The names and ages of Revolutionary War pensioners

1850 Census

  1. The name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  2. Whether each individual was white, black, or mulatto
  3. The profession, occupation, or trade of each individual over 15
  4. The value of the real estate owned by each individual
  5. Each individual's state, territory, or country of birth
  6. Whether or not an individual was married within the year
  7. Whether or not an individual attended school within the year
  8. Whether or not an individual can read and write, if over 20
  9. Whether an individual is deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, a pauper, or a convict.

1860 Census

  1. The name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  2. Whether each individual was white, black, or mulatto
  3. The profession, occupation, or trade of each male over 15
  4. The profession, occupation, or trade of each female over 15
  5. The value of the real estate owned by each individual
  6. The value of the personal property owned by each individual
  7. Each individual's state, territory, or country of birth
  8. Whether or not an individual married within the year
  9. Whether or not an individual attended school within the year
  10. Whether or not an individual can read and write, if over 20
  11. Whether an individual was deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, a pauper, or a convict

1870 Census

  1. The name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  2. Whether each individual was white, black, mulatto, Indian, or Chinese
  3. The profession, occupation, or trade of each male
  4. The profession, occupation, or trade of each female
  5. The value of the real estate owned by each individual
  6. The value of the personal property owned by each individual
  7. Each individual's state, territory, or country of birth
  8. Whether or not an individual's father is of foreign birth
  9. Whether or not an individual's mother is of foreign birth
  10. The month of birth if the individual was born within the year
  11. The month of marriage if the individual was married within the year
  12. Whether or not an individual attended school within the year
  13. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  14. Whether an individual is deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic
  15. Whether or not the individual is a male citizen over 21
  16. Whether or not the individual is a male citizen over 21 who cannot vote

1880 Census

  1. The street name and house number in cities
  2. he name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  3. Whether each individual was white, black, mulatto, Indian, or Chinese
  4. The month of birth if the individual was born within the year
  5. The relationship of each individual to head of household
  6. Whether an individual was single, married, widowed, or divorced
  7. Whether or not an individual was married within the year
  8. The profession, occupation, or trade of each male
  9. The profession, occupation, or trade of each female
  10. The number of months an individual was unemployed during the census year
  11. Whether or not an individual was sick or temporarily disabled so as not able to function normally, and if so, the nature of the illness
  12. Whether an individual was blind, deaf, dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise permanently disabled
  13. Whether or not an individual attended school within the year
  14. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  15. Each individual's state, territory, or country of birth
  16. Each individual's mother's state, territory, or country of birth
  17. Each individual's father's state, territory, or country of birth

1890 Census

Most of the 1890 census was lost in a fire, only fragments remaining. 1890 Civil War Veterans & Widows Census Index & Images is available. Ancestry.com posting alternate data, when available.

  1. The street name and house number in cities
  2. The name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  3. Whether each individual was white, black, mulatto, Indian, or Chinese
  4. The month of birth if the individual was born within the year
  5. The relationship of each individual to head of household
  6. Whether an individual was single, married, widowed, or divorced
  7. Whether or not an individual was married within the year
  8. The profession, occupation, or trade of each male
  9. The profession, occupation, or trade of each female
  10. The number of months an individual was unemployed during the census year
  11. Whether or not an individual was sick or temporarily disabled so as not able to function normally, and if so, the nature of the illness
  12. Whether an individual was blind, deaf, dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise permanently disabled
  13. Whether or not an individual attended school within the year
  14. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  15. Each individual's state, territory, or country of birth
  16. Each individual's mother's state, territory, or country of birth
  17. Each individual's father's state, territory, or country of birth

1900 Census

  1. The street name and house number in cities
  2. The name and sex of each individual in the household
  3. The relationship of each individual to the head of household
  4. The color or race of each individual
  5. The month and year of birth of each individual, and their age at their last birthday
  6. Whether an individual is single, married, widowed, or divorced
  7. Number of years that an individual has been married
  8. Number of children born to female individuals, and the number of those children still living
  9. Each individual's place of birth
  10. Each individual's mother's place of birth
  11. Each individual's father's place of birth
  12. An individual's year of immigration to the United States
  13. The number of years that an individual has resided in the United States
  14. Whether or not an individual is naturalized
  15. The profession, occupation, or trade of each male over 10
  16. The profession, occupation, or trade of each female over 10
  17. Number of months in the year that the individual was not employed
  18. Whether or not an individual attended school within the year
  19. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  20. Whether or not an individual can speak English
  21. Whether or not the family owns or rents their home, whether or not the home is mortgaged, and whether it is a farm or a house

1910 Census

  1. The street name and house number in cities
  2. The name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  3. The relationship of each individual to head of household
  4. The color or race of each individual
  5. Whether an individual is single, married, widowed, or divorced
  6. Number of years an individual has been in his or her present marriage
  7. Number of children born to female individuals, and the number of those children still living
  8. Each individual's place of birth
  9. Each individual's mother's place of birth
  10. Each individual's father's place of birth
  11. An individual's year of immigration to the United States
  12. Whether an individual is naturalized or an alien
  13. The language each individual speaks
  14. Each individual's profession, occupation, or trade
  15. The industry that the individual is working in
  16. Whether an individual is an employee, employer, or self-employed
  17. If an individual is an employee, whether or not currently employed, and number of weeks out of work in 1909
  18. Whether or not an individual attended school anytime since September, 1909
  19. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  20. Whether or not the family owns or rents their home, whether or not the home is mortgaged, and whether it is a farm or a house
  21. Whether or not the individual is a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy
  22. Whether the individual is blind, deaf, or dumb

1920 Census

  1. The street or road name, and whether there is a house number or it is a farm
  2. The name, age, and sex of each individual in the household
  3. The relationship of each individual to head of household
  4. Whether or not the family owns or rents their home, whether or not the home is mortgaged
  5. Each individual's color or race
  6. Whether an individual is single, married, widowed, or divorced
  7. An individual's year of immigration to the United States
  8. Whether an individual is naturalized or an alien
  9. If naturalized, the year of naturalization
  10. Whether or not an individual attended school anytime since September, 1919
  11. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  12. Each individual's place of birth
  13. Each individual's father's place of birth
  14. Each individual's mother's place of birth
  15. Each individual's mother tongue
  16. Each individual's father's mother tongue
  17. Each individual's mother's mother tongue
  18. Whether or not each individual can speak English, and if not, language spoken
  19. The profession, occupation, or trade of an individual
  20. The industry an individual is working in
  21. Whether an individual is an employee, employer, or self-employed
  22. If an employee, whether or not currently employed, and number of weeks out of work in 1919
  23. Number of years an individual has been in present marriage
  24. Number of children born to female individuals, and the number of those children still living

1930 Census

  1. The street or road name, House number, sequential no. of house, sequential no. of family
  2. The name and relationship of each individual to head of household
  3. Home data including: Whether or not the family owns or rents their home, Value of house, Radio set ownership, if on a farm
  4. The Sex, race, age, marital condition, age of first marriage of each individual in the household
  5. Whether or not an individual attended school anytime since September, 1929
  6. Whether or not an individual can read and write
  7. Each individual's place of birth
  8. Each individual's father's place of birth
  9. Each individual's mother's place of birth
  10. Each individual's language spoken in home before coming to US
  11. An individual's year of immigration to the United States
  12. If naturalized, the year of naturalization (Na=Naturalized, Pa=First Papers, Al=Alien)
  13. Whether or not each individual can speak English
  14. Occupation: The trade, profession, or particular kind of work of each individual
  15. The industry or business an individual is working in
  16. Class of worker: Whether an individual is an employee, employer, or self-employed
  17. If an employee, whether or not currently employed, and number of weeks out of work in 1929
  18. Whether a veteran of US military or naval service, and what war (WW=World War, Sp=Spanish-America War, Civ=Civil War, Phil=Philippine Insurrection, Box=Boxer Rebellion, Mex=Mexican Expedition)

1940 Census

One out of 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. The following was collected for every household and person.

  1. address
  2. home owned or rented
    if owned, value/ if rented, monthly rent
  3. whether on a farm
  4. name
  5. relationship to head of household
  6. sex
  7. race
  8. age
  9. marital status
  10. school attendance
  11. educational attainment
  12. birthplace
  13. if foreign born, citizenship
  14. location of residence five years ago and whether on a farm
  15. employment status
  16. if at work, whether in private or non-emergency government work, or in public emergency work (WPA, CCC, NYA, etc.)
    if in private or non-emergency government work, hours worked in week
    if seeking work or on public emergency work, duration of unemployment
  17. occupation, industry and class of worker
  18. weeks worked last year
  19. wage and salary income last year